Reasonable Grounds Cases

Below you will find links to investigative reports of cases in which the Human Rights Commission found reasonable grounds to believe that discrimination occurred in housing, employment, or a place of public accommodation.  By statute, when the Human Rights Commission finds that there are reasonable grounds to believe that unlawful discrimination occurred, the Investigative Report, the Final Determination (including the identities of the Charging Party and the Respondent), and any Post-Determination Conciliation Agreement (PDCA) become public documents.  If the Human Rights Commission finds that there are no reasonable grounds to believe that unlawful discrimination occurred, the Commission closes the cases and the identities of the parties remain confidential. 

Note that in some cases (e.g., “Smith” v. OSSU and “Green” v. WCSU), the preliminary recommendation in the Administrative Law Examiner's report was for a finding of no reasonable grounds. After its deliberations, the Commission reversed these preliminary recommendations and made final determinations of reasonable grounds. In a few cases, the Commission made partial reasonable grounds and partial no reasonable grounds final determinations where more than one claim or protected category was included in the initial allegations.

Once the Commission makes a final determination of reasonable grounds, the parties involved have six months within which to negotiate a settlement. If a case is not settled within that time period, the Commission must make a decision whether to take the case to court. In some cases, settlement is not reached, the Commission declines to litigate the case, and the case is closed without settlement.

The documents listed below all contain the initial investigative report, the Commission’s final determination, and if settled, the post-determination conciliation agreement (PDCA). Most post-determination conciliation agreements are reached through informal negotiation or through formal mediation. Cases that were closed without settlement, cases that were settled through litigation, and cases that are currently in active litigation are indicated as such. The most recent reasonable grounds cases are in active settlement negotiations.

The investigative reports are available for reasonable grounds cases from FY00 to the present (all in PDF format).  During this time period, the Human Rights Commission found reasonable grounds to believe that discrimination occurred in 89 cases, one of which is no longer valid due to changes in the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendment that went into effect in January 2009 (and therefore the case is not posted on this website).  The reasonable grounds cases are listed below by jurisdiction and type of charge. 

 
Employment:
 
Accessibility:
 
Equal Pay Act
Disability discrimination:
HRC v. State of Vermont (no settlement/closed) (2002)
Hurdle v. Vermont Military Department (stipulated agreement - available by request) (2006)
Volpini v. State of Vermont (no settlement/closed)  (2000)
 
Hostile work environment:
 
National origin discrimination:
 
Parental and family leave:
 
Reasonable Accommodation
 
Retaliation:
Cray v. Secretary of State (no settlement/closed) (2001)
 
Sex discrimination:
 
Housing:
 
Advertising:
 
Disability discrimination:
Brier v. Duclos (withdrawn due to court proceedings) (2012)
Brennan v. Kingsbury Condominium Association (PDCA) (298 KB)  Columb & LaShay v. Regional Affordable Housing Corporation (PDCA) (2002)
Daniels v. Wickart (PDCA) (2004)
Dellinger v. Demars (PDCA) (2001)
Parker v. Spivak (PDCA)  (2004)
Stone v. Border Motel  (not settled due to inability to contact all parties 2011)
 
Hostile environment:
 
Minor children discrimination:
Austin v. Drown (litigated successfully) (59 KB)  (2004)
Clark v. Bianchi (PDCA) (2000)
Evans v. Mitchell (PDCA) (2004)
Lemieux v. Morris (PDCA) (2003)
Parks v. Balliargeon (PDCA) (2002)
Tilton v. Porta (settled 2012)
Wilson v. Jackson (settled/closed) (2010)
 
Public assistance discrimination:
Arbour v. St. Clair (litigated settlement) (2004)
Grow v. Westbury Mobile Home Park (no settlement/closed) (2002)
Horton v. Reed (no settlement/closed) (2007)
Tanner v. St. Clair (litigated settlement) (2004)
Young v. P.G. Adams Inc. (no settlement/closed) (2000)
 
Race discrimination:
 
Reasonable accommodations:
Arbour v. St. Clair (litigated settlement) (2004)
 
Retaliation:
Arbour v. St. Clair (litigated settlement)  (2004)
Tanner v. St. Clair (litigated settlement)  (2004)
 
Service animals:
Goodrich v. Bycel (PDCA) (2004)
 
Sexual orientation discrimination:
Tanner v. St. Clair (litigated settlement) (2004)
 
Public Accommodations:
 
Accessibility:
 
Architectural barriers:
Lambert v. Kmart (PDCA)  (2003)
Trudo v. Rehlen & Special Effects (no settlement/closed) (2000)
 
Breastfeeding:
 
Discrimination based on Sexual Orientation
Berthold v. Rock River Cottage and Antiques (no settlement/closed) (2013)
 
Disability discrimination:
Carr v. Town of Hartford (PDCA)  (2004)
Stetson v. Burlington Police Department (no settlement/closed)  (2000)
 
National origin discrimination:
 
National Origin, Race and Color discrimination:
Morgan v. Orange County Sheriff's Department (litigation initiated) (2013)
 
Race discrimination:
Curry v. The Wobbly Barn (no settlement/closed) (2003)
Douglas v. Censor Security (no settlement/closed) (2000)
Freeman v. Norwich University (no settlement/closed) (2002)
Lee v. Benway’s Taxi (litigated settlement) (2001)
 
Reasonable accommodations:
Scribner v. University of Vermont (no settlement/closed)  (1999)
 
Religion
 
School harassment:
 
Service animals:
Corbeil v. Music Club (PDCA)  (2004)
Cornick-Kelly v. Fletcher Allen Health Care (no settlement/closed) (2005)
 
Sex discrimination:
McCarty v. Freedom Chevrolet (no settlement/closed) (2002)